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人教版|初中英语九年级全一册所有重点单词、短语和句型全汇总

作者:kok体育平台 时间:2021-12-13 01:17
本文摘要:Unit1 How can we become good learners?【重点短语】1. have conversation with sb. 同某人谈话2. too…to… 太……而不能3. the secret to… ……的秘诀4. be afraid of doing sth./ be afraid to do sth. 畏惧做某事5. look up 查阅6. repeat out loud 高声跟读7. make mistakes in 在……方面犯错误8.

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Unit1 How can we become good learners?【重点短语】1. have conversation with sb. 同某人谈话2. too…to… 太……而不能3. the secret to… ……的秘诀4. be afraid of doing sth./ be afraid to do sth. 畏惧做某事5. look up 查阅6. repeat out loud 高声跟读7. make mistakes in 在……方面犯错误8. connect ……with… 把……和……毗连/联系起来9. get bored 感应厌烦10. be stressed out 焦虑不安的11. pay attention to 注意;关注12. depend on 取决于;依靠13. the ability to do sth.. 做某事的能力【考点详解】1. by + doing 通过……方式(by是介词,后面要跟动名词,也就是动词的ing形式)2. talk about 谈论,议论,讨论The students often talk about movie after class. 学生们经常在课后讨论影戏。talk to sb= talk with sb 与某人说话3. 提建议的句子:①What/ how about +doing sth.? 做…怎么样?(about后面要用动词的ing形式,这一点考试考的比力多)如:What/ How about going shopping?②Why don't you + do sth.? 你为什么不做…?如:Why don't you go shopping?③Why not + do sth. ? 为什么不做…?如:Why not go shopping?④Let's + do sth. 让我们做…...吧。

如:Let's go shopping⑤Shall we/I + do sth.? 我们/我...…好吗?如:Shall we/I go shopping?4. a lot 许多,常用于句末。如:I eat a lot. 我吃了许多。5. too…to... 太…...而不能 常用的句型:too+形容词/副词+ to do sth.如:I'm too tired to say anything. 我太累了,什么都不想说。6. aloud, loud与loudly的用法,三个词都与“高声”或“响亮”有关。

①aloud是副词,通常放在动词之后。②loud可作形容词或副词。用作副词时,常与speak, talk, laugh等动词连用,多用于比力级,须放在动词之后。

如:She told us to speak a little louder. 她让我们说高声一点。③loudly是副词,与loud同义,有时两者可替换使用,可位于动词之前或之后。如:He does not talk loudly or laugh loudly in public. 他不妥众高声谈笑。7. not…at all 一点也不,基础不如:I like milk very much, but I don't like coffee at all. 我很是喜欢牛奶,可是我一点也不喜欢咖啡。

not经常可以和助动词联合在一起,at all 则放在句尾。8. be/get excited about sth. 对…...感应兴奋9. ① end up doing sth 终止做某事,竣事做某事如:The party ended up singing. 晚会以唱歌而竣事。② end up with sth. 以…竣事(注意介词with)如:The party ended up with her singing. 晚会以她的歌颂而了结。10. first of all 首先(这个短语可用在作文中,使得文章有条理)11. also 也、而且(用于肯定句)常在句子的中间either 也(用于否认句)常在句末too 也 (用于肯定句)常在句末 (它们三个的区分要清楚,尤其要知道用在什么句子中以及各自的位置)12. make mistakes 犯错 如:I often make mistakes. 我经常犯错。

make a mistake 犯一个错误 如:I have made a mistake. 我已经犯了一个错误。13. laugh at sb. 笑话;取笑(某人)(常见短语)如:Don't laugh at me! 不要取笑我!14. take notes 做条记,做记载15. enjoy doing sth . 喜欢做…,乐意做…(这是一个很是重要的考点) 如:She enjoys playing football. 她喜欢踢足球。enjoy oneself 过得愉快 如:He enjoyed himself. 他过得愉快。

16. native speaker 说本族语的人17. make up 组成、组成18. one of +(the+ 形容词最高级)+名词复数形式 : …其中之一(这一题主要考两点,一是最高级,一是名词复数,大家做题的时候要小心)如:She is one of the most popular teachers. 她是最受接待的教师之一。19. It's +形容词+(for sb. ) to do sth (对于某人来说)做某事…如:It's difficult (for me ) to study English. 对于我来说学习英语太难了。句中的it 是形式主语,真正的主语是to study English。20. practice doing 训练做某事 (practice后面接动名词,这一点有可能考到)如:She often practice speaking English. 她经常训练说英语。

21. decide to do sth. 决议做某事(重要考点,大家需要记着decide后面跟的是不定式,也就是to do) 如:LiLei has decided to go to BeiJing . 李雷已经决议去北京。22. unless 如果不,除非,引导条件状语从句如:You will fail unless you work hard. 如果你不努力你就会失败。

23. deal with 处置惩罚 如:I dealt with a lot of problem.24. worry about sb./ sth. 担忧某人/某事如:Mother worried about his son just now. 妈妈适才担忧他的儿子。25. be angry with sb. 对某人生气26. perhaps = maybe 也许27. go by (时间) 已往 . 如:Two years went by. 两年已往了。28. see sb / sth doing 瞥见某人正在做某事(如果是看到正在做什么,要用动词ing形式,考的较多的也是动词ing形式)如:She saw him drawing a picture in the classroom. 她瞥见他正在课堂里画画。29. each other 相互30. regard… as … ;把…...看作为...… 如:The boys regarded Anna as a fool. 这些男孩把安娜看成傻瓜。

31. too many 许多,修饰可数名词 如:too many girlstoo much 许多,修饰不行数名词 如:too much milk(要区分too many 和 too much只要记着它们修饰什么词就可以了)much too 太,修饰形容词 如:much too beautiful(too much和much too意思差别,大家不要混淆它们的意思,这种单词容易出剖析题)32.change…into… 将…变为…33. with the help of sb. = with one's help 在某人的资助下(注意介词of和with,容易出题)如:with the help of LiLei = with LiLei's help 在李雷的资助下34. compare…to… 把…比作...(另外,大家要注意另一个短语,compare...with...,这也是一个重要的短语,意思是:拿…和…比力)35. instead 取代 用在句末,副词instead of sth/doing sth 取代,而不是 (这个地方考的较多的就是instead of doing sth,也是就说如果of后面跟动词,要用动名词形式,也就是动词的ing形式)如:I will go instead of you. 我将取代你去。Unit2 I think that moon cakes are delicious!【短语归纳】1. the Lantern Festival 元宵节 2. the Dragon Boat Festival 端午节3. the Water Festival 泼水节4. be fun to watch 看着很有意思5. eat five meals a day 一天吃五餐6. put on five pounds 体重增加了五磅7. in two weeks 两星期之后8. be similar to... 与.......相似17. end up最终成为;最后处于18. share sth. with sb. 与……分享…… 19. as a result 效果20. dress up 乔装妆扮21. haunted house 鬼屋22. call out 高声呼唤 23. remind sb. of 使某人想起24. sound like 听起来像  25. treat sb. with. 用/以……看待某人26. the beginning of new life 新生命的开始【考点详解】1. What + a(n) + 形容词 + 可数名词的单数形式+主语+谓语+其他)! 何等……的……!2. How + 形容词/副词(+主语+谓语+其他)! ……何等……!3. be going to 将要/计划……4. in + 时间段 在……后5. give sb. sth.=give sth. to sb. 给某人某物;把某物给某人6. plan to do sth. 计划做某事7. refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事8. one of + 名词复数形式 ……之一【重点语法】一. 宾语从句宾语从句在复合句中作主句的宾语。

三大考点:引导词、时态和语序。其中,语序必须是陈述句语序。1. 常由下面的一些词引导:①由that 引导,表现陈述意义,that可省略He says (that) he is at home. 他说他在家里。

②由if , whether引导,表现一般疑问意义(带有是否、已否、对否等)I don’t know if / whether Wei Hua likes fish. 我不知道韦华是否喜欢鱼。③由毗连代词、毗连副词(疑问词) 引导,表现特殊疑问意义Do you know what he wants to buy? 你知道他想要买什么吗?2. 从句时态要与主句一致当主句是一般现在时,从句凭据情况使用任何时态当主句是一般已往时,从句应使用已往某时态(一般已往时,已往举行时,已往未来时,已往完成时)He said (that) he was at home. 他说他在家里。I didn’t know that she was singing now. 我不知道她正在唱歌。

She wanted to know if I had finished m homework. 她想要知道我是否已经完成了我的作业。Did you know when he would be back? 你知道他将会什么时候回来?二. 叹息句叹息句是表达喜、怒、哀、乐以及惊讶、惊讶等强烈情感的句子。

叹息句通常由 what 或 how 引导。现分述如下:1. 由 what 引导的叹息句,其句子结构可分为以下三种:①可用句型:“ What + a/an +形容词+可数名词单数+主语+谓语+ 其他!”。如:What a nice present it is! 它是一件何等好的礼物啊!  ②可用句型:“ What +形容词+可数名词复数+主语+谓语+ 其他!”。

如:What beautiful flowers they are! 何等漂亮的花啊!③可用句型:“ What +形容词+不行数名词+主语+谓语+ 其他!”。如:What fine weather it is today! 今天天气多好啊!2. 由 how 引导的叹息句,其句子结构也分为三种:①可用句型:“ How +形容词 / 副词+主语+谓语+ 其他!”。如:How careful she is! 她何等细心啊! How fast he runs! 他跑得多快啊!②可用句型:“ How +形容词+ a/an +可数名词单数+主语+谓语!”。

如:How beautiful a girl she is! 她是个何等漂亮的女人啊!③可用句型:“ How+主语+谓语!”。如:How time flies! 时光似箭!3. 由 what 引导的叹息句与由 how 引导的叹息句有时可以转换,但句中部门单词的顺序要有所变化。如:How beautiful a girl she is! = What a beautiful girl she is!What delicious cakes these are! = How delicious these cakes are!Unit3 Could you please tell me where the restrooms are?【重要短语】1. used to do sth. 已往经常做某事 2. be afraid of 畏惧3. from time to time 时常;有时4. turn red 变红5. take up 开始做,从事,占据(时间、空间)6. deal with 敷衍;应付7. not…any more 不再8. tons of attention 许多关注9. worry about 担忧10. be careful 当心11. hang out 闲逛12. give up 放弃13. thank about 思量14. a very small number of… 少少数的……15. be alone 独处16. give a speech 做演讲【考点详解】1. ①问路常用的句子:Do you know where is … ?Can you tell me how can I get to …?Could you tell me how to get to …?②Can/Could/Will/Would you please tell me sth. 表现十分客套地询问事情③Could you tell me how to get to the park? 请你告诉我怎么才气去邮局好吗?上面句子中的how to get to the park是疑问词与动词不定式连用,用作宾语,但不是宾语从句(这一点要搞清楚,它不是宾语从句),相当于how I can get to the park(宾语从句)I don't know how to solve the problem=I don't know how I can solve the problem. 我不知道如何解决这个问题Can you tell me when to leave? =Can you tell me when I will leave? 你能告诉我什么时候脱离?2. 日常外交用语:take the elevator / escalator to the … floor 乘电梯/自动扶梯到…楼turn left / right == take a left / right 向左/ 右转go straight 向前直走(straight这个词经常考)3. next to 旁边、紧接着(常见短语)Lily is next to Ann. 莉莉就在安的旁边。4. between…and… 在…和…之间Lily is between Ann and Tom. 莉莉就在安和汤姆的之间。

5. Is that a good place to hang out? 那是不是一个闲荡的好地方?上面句子中的to hang out修饰前面的名词place,是不定式作定语。6. expensive 贵的 反义词:inexpensive 不贵的7. crowded 拥挤的 反义词:uncrowded 不拥挤的8. take a vacation == go on a vacation 去度假9. dress up 妆扮 dress up as 妆扮成He wanted to dress up as Father Christmas. 他想要妆扮成圣诞老人。

10. on the beach 在海滩上,介词用 on11. depend on 凭据、依靠、依赖、取决于Living things depend on the sunlight. 生物对阳光有依赖性。That depends on how you did it. 那取决于你怎样做这件事。12. prefer 动词,更喜欢、宁愿,常用的结构有:prefer sth. 更喜欢某事 I prefer English. 我更喜欢英语。prefer doing/to do 宁愿做某事I prefer sitting/ to sit.我宁愿坐着。

prefer sth to sth. 同…相比更喜欢… I prefer dogs to cats. 与猫相比我更喜欢狗。prefer doing sth to doing sth 宁愿做某事而不愿做某事I prefer walking to sitting. 我宁愿走路也不愿坐着。prefer to do sth rather than do sth 宁愿做某事而不愿做某事I prefer to work rather than be free. 我宁愿事情而不愿闲着。(我再次强调一下,prefer的用法真的很重要,这不是开顽笑~)13. on the other hand 另一方面(一方面:on one hand. 对于这样的短语大家完全可以放在作文中,这样可以使文章增色不少)14. 把…借给某人:lend sb. sth. = lend sth to sb.(反义词:borrow..from..)Lily lent me her book = Lily lent her book to me . 莉莉把她的书借给了我。

15. I'm sorry to do sth. 对做某事我以为很歉仄、伤心。16. in a way 在某种水平说17. in order to do srh 为了…, 表目的。He got up early in order to catch the first bus. 他起早床,是为了遇上头班公共汽车。

18. 同级比力:as…as...as + 形容词/副词原级 + as , 表现“和…一样的…”He works as hard as we. 他事情和我们同样努力。【重点语法】宾语从句(见Unit2重点语法部门)Unit4 I used to be afraid of the dark.【重点短语】1. be more interested in 对…更感兴趣 2. on the swim team 游泳队的队员3. be terrified of 畏惧4. gym class 体操课5. worry about 担忧6. all the time 一直,总是7. chat with 与…闲聊8. hardly ever 险些从不9. walk to school = go to school on foot 步行去上学take the bus to school = go to school by bus 搭车去上学10. as well as 不仅…而且...【考点详解】1. used to do sth. 已往经常做某事 (这个知识点考的许多,大家要注意这个短语的意思,还要记着used后面用的是不定式to do)如:He used to play football after school. 放学后他已往经常踢足球。

  2. play the piano 弹钢琴(play后面如果跟西洋乐器,大家记着,中间要加the,如果是中国乐器,不加the,如:play erhu)3. ①be interested in sth. 对…感兴趣②be interested in doing sth. 对做…感兴趣(对于这两个用法大家一定要掌握,切记切记)如:He is interested in math, but he isn't interested in speaking English. 他对数学感兴趣,可是他对说英语不感兴趣。4. interested adj. 感兴趣的,指人对某事物感兴趣,往往主语是人interesting adj.有趣的,指某事物/某人具有趣味,主语往往是物(对于interested和interesting要区分清楚,一个主语往往是人,一个主语往往是物)5. be terrified of sth. 畏惧…… 如:I am terrified of the dog.be terrified of doing sth. 畏惧做…… 如:I am terrified of speaking.6. spend 动词,表现“花费款项、时间”(spend和pay for它们的主语都是人,这一点大家要清楚)①spend…on sth. 在某事上花费(款项、时间)(重要考点)②spend…(in)doing sth. 花费(款项、时间)去做某事 (重要考点,尤其要注意动名词,也就是动词的ing形式) 如:He spends too much time on clothes. 他花费太多的时间在衣着上。

He spend 3 months (in) building the bridge. 他花费了三个月去建这座桥。7. take : 动词 ,有“花费时间”的意思,常用的结构有:It takes sb to do sth. 做某事花费某人多长时间(在这个用法中,主语经常是it,这一点要清楚,大家仔细看一下下面的例子)。如:It takes me a day to read the book.8. chat with sb. 与某人闲聊 如:I like to chat with him. 我喜欢和他谈天。9. worry about sb./sth. 担忧某人/某事 , worry 是动词be worried about sb./sth. 担忧某人/某事 , worried 是形容词如:Don't worry about him. 不用担忧他。

Mother is worried about her son. 妈妈担忧他的儿子。10. all the time 一直,始终11. take sb. to + 地方 送/带某人去某个地方 如:A person took him to the hospital. 一小我私家把他送到了医院。12. hardly adv. 险些不、没有。

hardly 修饰动词时,通常放在助动词、情态动词之后,实义动词之前,如:I can hardly understand them. 我险些不能够明确他们。I hardly have time to do it. 我险些没有时间去做了。13. in the last few years. 在已往的几年内,常与完成时连用 如:I have lived in China in the last few years. 在已往的几年内我在中国住。

14. be different from 与...…差别(常见考点,考的最多的是它的意思,大家只需要记着它的意思,做题的时候详细问题再详细分析即可)15. 不定式与疑问词连用:动词不定式可以和what, which, how, where, when 等引导的疑问句连用,组成不定式短语。如:The question is when to start. 问题是什么时候开始。

I don't know where to go. 我不知道去哪。16. make sb./sth. + 形容词 make you happymake sb./sth. + 动词原形 make him laugh17. move to +地方 搬到某地 如:I moved to Beijing last year.18. it seems that +从句 看起来似乎…… (重要考点) 如:It seems that he has changed a lot. 看起来他似乎变了许多。19. help sb. with sth. 在某方面资助某人(注意介词with,在某方面资助要用这个介词)help sb(to)do sth. 帮某人做某事(to经常省略)She helped me with English. 她资助我学英语。

She helped me(to)study English. 她资助我学习英语。20. fifteen-year-old 作形容词 ,15岁的(有一点要提醒大家,中间的year用的是单数)如:a fifteen-year-old boy 一个15岁的男孩fifteen years old 指年事,15岁。

21. can't afford to do sth. 支付不起……can't afford sth. 支付不起…如:I can't afford to buy the car.=I can't afford the car. 我买不起这个辆小车。22. as + 形容词/副词+ as sb+could/can 尽某人所能 如:Zhou run as fast as her could/can. 她尽她最快的能力去跑。23. get into trouble with 遇到贫苦24. in the end 最后25. make a decision :下决议,下刻意26. to one's surprise :令某人惊讶(往往泛起在完型中,让我们填surprise) 如:to their surprise 令他们惊讶 to LiLei's surprise 令李雷惊讶27. take pride in sth. 以…而自豪 如:His father always take pride in him. 他的爸爸总是以他而自豪28. pay attention to sth. 对…注意,留心 如:You must pay attention to your friend. 你应该多注意你的朋侪。

29. be able to do sth. 能够,有能力做某事 如:She is able to do it. 她能够做到。30. give up doing sth. 放弃做某事(注意up后面用的是动词的ing形式) 如:My father has given up smoking. 我爸爸已经放弃吸烟了。31. 不再 ①no more =no longer 如:I play tennis no more.我不再打网球。②not …any more = not …any longer 如:I don't play tennis any longer. 我不再打网球。

【重点语法】反意疑问句反义疑问句遵循这样一个原则,前肯定后否认,前否认后肯定。 1. 肯定陈述句+否认提问 如:Lily is a student, isn't she?2. 否认陈述句+肯定提问 如:She doesn't come from China, does she?3. 提问部门用代词而不用名词 如:Lily is a student, isn't she?4. 陈述句中含有否认意义的词 如:little, few, never, nothing, hardly等,其反意疑问句用肯定式(对于第四点大家不要忽视,尤其是枚举的这几个词,出题的时候经常遇到,对于下面的两个例子大家要仔细看一下,要把这个知识点彻底搞懂)。如:He knows little English, does he? 他一点也不懂英语,不是吗?They hardly understood it, did they? 他们险些不明确,不是吗?5. 反意疑问句的陈述部门含有由un-, im-, in-, dis-, 等否认意义的前缀组成的词语时,陈述部门要视为肯定寄义,问句部门用否认形式。

如:Your father is unhappy, isn't he?The man is dishonest, isn't he?It is impossible to learn English without remembering more words, isn't it?5单元后更多重点语法和全文私信老师获取。


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